Radiocarbon dating the earth
The logic for the theory is as follows: 1) The Bible reveals the age of the earth to be somewhere around 6,000 years.2) Since the earth is only 6,000 years old, the entire group of life forms represented in the fossil record (save the most recent fossils) existed at the same time and were all buried together in the world-wide biblical flood.
However, RATE is attempting to fit all radiometric dating into a young earth model.Carbon-14 is a radioactive isotope formed in the upper atmosphere.It is constantly being produced by a system in which cosmic rays from the sun hit atoms, releasing neutrons. Carbon-14 becomes a part of the mostly homogenous mixture of air in the atmosphere.According to the science behind radiocarbon dating, very old samples should have no measurable C is thought to exist because of some sort of unexplained phenomenon or contamination.Therefore, the RATE team has identified a valid anomaly in radiocarbon research which deserves further research.In order to function properly, natural clocks need an irreversible process that occurs at a constant and known rate.
Nuclear decay has a constant rate of decay, but as it turns out, the formation of C has been reliably calibrated to tens of thousands of years.
The use of carbon-14, also known as radiocarbon, to date organic materials has been an important method in both archaeology and geology.
The technique was pioneered over fifty years ago by the physical chemist Willard Libby, who won the 1960 Nobel Prize for his work on C.
Taking advantage of the distinct mass of individual isotopes, the machine distinguishes the C from all of the other atoms and molecules present and is able to count the individual atoms.
Charcoal, cloth, bone, or any other material that contains organic carbon can be dated using an accelerated mass spectrometer.
Since then, the technique has been widely used and continually improved.