Overall evaluations of carcinogenicity and updating of iarc monographs
The authors declare they have no competing financial interests. REFERENCESCogliano VJ, Grosse Y, Baan RA, Straif K, Secretan MB, El Ghissassi F, and the Working Group for Volume 88. Summary of IARC Monographs on Formaldehyde, 2-Butoxyethanol, and 1-tert-Butoxy-2-Propanoh Environ Health Perspect 105-1208.
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2004), we added to the IARC evaluations our assessment of the main occupations in which the agent may be found and the target organ for carcinogenicity. For arsenic in drinking water, the most recent ARC evaluation of arsenic [Volume 84; (ARC 2004)], there was sufficient evidence in humans that arsenic causes cancers of the urinary bladder, lung, and skin; the evidence for cancers of the liver and kidney was limited.
Volume 86 focuses on cobalt in hard-metals and cobalt sulfate, gallium arsenide, indium phosphide, and vanadium pentoxide (IARC, in press a) In our article (Siemiatycki et al. (d) Absence of data on cancer in humans; the final evaluation for carcinogenicity was upgraded from 2B to 2A based on evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals.
Chemical contamination is defined as the unintended exposure of a healthcare professional to hazardous drugs.