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The German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller created the earliest known map showing the name America, which he applied to the South American continent only.
Alfred Hudd was an aristocrat who belonged to the Clifton Antiquarian Club of Bristol, founded in 1884 to arrange meetings and excursions for the study of objects of archaeological interest in the West of England and South Wales.The deeper root of the etymology can only be guessed at.The following two possibilities have been suggested: However, since the Greek name Asia is in all likelihood related to Hittite Assuwa, the etymology of one has to account for the other as well.First appearing as a corruption of the Spanish name for an island in Vanuatu in 1625, (PIE *wer-, "broad" *okw-, "eye").In Greek mythology, Europa was the beautiful daughter of a Phoenician king named Agenor or Phoenix.Another possibility, proposed by Ernest Klein, is that it derives from the ancient Sumerian and Semitic root "Ereb", which carries the meaning of "darkness" or "descent", a reference to the region's western location in relation to Mesopotamia, the Levantine Coast, Anatolia, and the Bosporus.
Thus the term would have meant the "land of the setting of the Sun" or, more generically, "Western land".
Later, when Justinian I reconquered lands of the former West Roman Empire, all the regions from the Chelif River to the Gulf of Sidra were annexed to the Byzantine Empire as the "Exarchate of Africa".
During the Middle Ages, as the Europeans increased their knowledge and awareness of the size of the African continent, they progressively extended the name of Africa to the rest of the continent. sometimes deemed as a single continent, America) are thought to be named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci (who styled himself Americus Vespucius in Latin).
The origin of Afer may be the Phoenician afar, dust; the Afri tribe, who dwelt in Northern Africa around the area of Carthage; Greek aphrike (*ἀφρίκη), without cold; or Latin aprica, sunny.
The name "Africa," which was originally used by the Romans to refer to present-day Tunisia, only began to be stretched to encompass a larger area when the provinces of Tripolitania, Numidia and Mauretania Caesariensis were subdued to the Diocesis of Africa, following the administrative restructuring of Diocletian.
Amerigo Vespucci was named after Saint Emeric of Hungary.