Dating the book of genesis
The second account of creation (Genesis 2:4b–25) describes how God created man, created the Garden of Eden, then made Adam a female companion.
Combat myths were a popular way to describe the cosmic battle between order (good) and chaos (evil/destruction) in the ancient world.Each belief system has a story of how the world was created and human life came to be.In many of these “creation myths,” a god or gods shape, manipulative, or in some way interact with a pre-existing darkness or chaos to create order.Within Judeo-Christian beliefs, the first book of the Hebrew Bible, the Book of Genesis, describes not one, but two distinct accounts of how God created the earth, its inhabitants and mankind.This article explores the purpose of each creation story and later compares and contrasts the Genesis creation stories with an earlier Babylonian creation myth, the Enuma Elish, which dates from about 1900–1600 BCE.Each provides a unique framework for understanding Jewish monotheistic belief.
The first demythologizes creation while the second explains God’s relationship with mankind and sets up the initial paradigm for human free will.
Evil isn’t born into the world because of Adam and Eve’s sin. Regardless, the end result is God kicking Adam and Eve out of the Garden, thus punishing them for their transgressions.
Biblical scholars often associate these two creation stories to different time frames.
Its central theme addresses how man gained the knowledge that differentiates him from the beasts and birds by disobeying God’s direct order not to eat the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge. At the story’s heart is mankind’s ambition to rival God.
The serpent tells Eve that if she eats the fruit, “You will be like God, knowing good and evil.” (Genesis 3:5) Thus, Eve has a choice to make – she has the free will to choose to either eat the fruit and possibly become like God or to say no.
She, of course, chooses to eat the fruit and then offers it to Adam, who also partakes.